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Dr. Le Dam Ngoc Tu

Mientrung University of Civil Engineering

About the speaker

Dr. Le Dam Ngoc Tu is a senior lecturer of architecture and urban planning at Mientrung University of Civil Engineering (MUCE). 
She graduated with a PhD in Urban and Regional Planning from the University at Buffalo, New York, and a Master in Architecture from Ho Chi Minh City’s University of Architecture. She worked for over 20 years in doing research and teaching, consulting architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning. 
Her recent research concentrates on climate change adaptation for coastal cities of developing countries. It characterizes the vulnerabilities and adaptation options in coastal cities and investigates the differences between groups of big and small cities in adapting to climate change. 

Paper Abstract

  • Why city size matters in climate change vulnerability and adaptation.
  • How city size moderates the relationship between vulnerability and adaptation response.
  • What are the implications regarding city size in climate change adaptation in coastal cities of developing countries?

Paper Abstract

Big and small cities: Are there differences in climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation?

Several studies found a significant impact of city size on climate policies. Larger-population cities are likely to have a higher capacity to commit to and adopt climate protection programs. This study seeks to explore if there is a difference in vulnerability to climate change and adaptation responses between big and small cities in developing countries. The study analyzes the climate adaptation plans of 45 coastal cities in developing countries and uses ANOVA and multiple regression analysis with city size as a moderator. The study finds that city size influences divergently on the vulnerability level and adaptation response. While the vulnerability level is not significantly different between groups of city, the capacity for adaptation is notably different. This finding illustrates that in small cities, the vulnerability-adaptation relationship reflects the problem-solution association while in big cities, this relationship is based on the availability of resources and capacities. These findings recommend the focus areas associated with city size in climate change adaptation and a proportional resource distribution and assistance to small and big cities based on the adaptation needs that are determined by vulnerability level.

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